Subtract the numbers: - 514 - 440 + 556 - 403 + 984 = ? Calculate the numbers difference and learn how to do the subtraction, column subtracting method, from right to left

The operation to perform:
- 514 - 440 + 556 - 403 + 984

Add the positive numbers together.

The operation to perform:
556 + 984

Method used below: column adding, from right to left (traditional).


Stack the numbers on top of each other.

The ones digits line up in the first column from the right.

The tens digits line up in the next column to the left.

And so on...


  556
+  984

?

Add column by column; start from the column on the right.

Add the digits in the ones column:

6 + 4 = 10


The sum is a two-digit number: 10.


0 is the ones digit.
Write it down at the base of the ones column.


1 is the tens digit.
Carry it over to the tens column.
Write the digit above that column.
Add it with the rest of the digits in that column.

   1
  556
+  984

    0

Add the digits in the tens column:

5 + 8 + 1 = 14

How did we add the digits? Explanation below.

Group the ones together in order to make tens:


5 + 8 + 1 =


5 + 8 + 1 =


(5 + 1) + 8 =


6 + 8 =


6 + 8 =


2 + 4 + 8 =


2 + 4 + 8 =


(2 + 8) + 4 =


10 + 4 =


14


Change the order in which the numbers are added, the sum stays the same.
Break some number(s) into component parts, the sum stays the same.


The sum is a two-digit number: 14.


4 is the tens digit.
Write it down at the base of the tens column.


1 is the hundreds digit.
Carry it over to the hundreds column.
Write the digit above that column.
Add it with the rest of the digits in that column.

  11
  556
+  984

   40

Add the digits in the hundreds column:

5 + 9 + 1 = 15

How did we add the digits? Explanation below.

Group the ones together in order to make tens:


5 + 9 + 1 =


5 + 9 + 1 =


5 + 10 =


10 + 5 =


15



The sum is a two-digit number: 15.


5 is the hundreds digit.
Write it down at the base of the hundreds column.


1 is the thousands digit.
Write it down at the base, next to the hundreds digit.

  11
  556
+  984

 1540

Answer:
556 + 984 = 1,540

Add the negative numbers together.

The operation to perform:
- 514 - 440 - 403

Add the numbers as if they were positive.

But at the end attach a minus sign in front of the result.

Method used below: column adding, from right to left (traditional).


Stack the numbers on top of each other.

The ones digits line up in the first column from the right.

The tens digits line up in the next column to the left.

And so on...


  514
  440
+  403

?

Add column by column; start from the column on the right.

Add the digits in the ones column:

4 + 0 + 3 = 7

7 is the ones digit.
Write it down at the base of the ones column.


   
  514
  440
+  403

    7

Add the digits in the tens column:

1 + 4 + 0 = 5

5 is the tens digit.
Write it down at the base of the tens column.


  
  514
  440
+  403

   57

Add the digits in the hundreds column:

5 + 4 + 4 = 13

How did we add the digits? Explanation below.

Group the ones together in order to make tens:


5 + 4 + 4 =


5 + 4 + 4 =


5 + 8 =


5 + 8 =


2 + 3 + 8 =


2 + 3 + 8 =


(2 + 8) + 3 =


10 + 3 =


13


Change the order in which the numbers are added, the sum stays the same.
Break some number(s) into component parts, the sum stays the same.


The sum is a two-digit number: 13.


3 is the hundreds digit.
Write it down at the base of the hundreds column.


1 is the thousands digit.
Write it down at the base, next to the hundreds digit.

  
  514
  440
+  403

 1357

Addition result:

514 + 440 + 403 = 1,357

Answer:
- 514 - 440 - 403 = - 1,357

The initial operation has become:

- 514 - 440 + 556 - 403 + 984 =


1,540 - 1,357

Now subtract the final numbers above:
1,540 - 1,357 = ?

Method used below: column subtracting, from right to left (traditional)


Stack the numbers on top of each other.

The ones digits line up in the first column from the right.

The tens digits line up in the next column to the left.

And so on...


 1540
- 1357

?

Subtract column by column; start from the column on the right

Subtract the digits in the ones column:

0 - 7 = ?

The second digit is larger than the first.
Borrow from the next column to the left.

The borrowing is a two step process:


Subtract 1 from the top digit in the column of the tens: 4 - 1 = 3.
Cross out the top digit you've borrowed 1 from: 4.
Write the answer above that digit: 3.


When borrowing, 1 ten = 10 ones.
Add 10 to the top digit in the column of the ones: 10 + 0 = 10.


   310
 1540
- 1357

     

After borrowing, the subtraction has become:
10 - 7 = 3.
3 is the ones digit.
Write it down at the base of the ones column.


   310
 1540
- 1357

    3

Subtract the digits in the tens column:

4 3 - 5 = ?

The second digit is larger than the first.
Borrow from the next column to the left.

Subtract 1 from the top digit in the column of the hundreds: 5 - 1 = 4.
Cross out the top digit you've borrowed 1 from: 5.
Write the answer above that digit: 4.


When borrowing, 1 hundred = 10 tens.
Add 10 to the top digit in the column of the tens: 10 + 3 = 13.


  41310
 1540
- 1357

    3

After borrowing, the subtraction has become:
13 - 5 = 10 + 3 - 5 = 10 + 3 - 5 = 3 + (10 - 5) = 3 + 5 = 8.
8 is the tens digit.
Write it down at the base of the tens column.


  41310
 1540
- 1357

   83

Subtract the digits in the hundreds column:

5 4 - 3 = 1.
1 is the hundreds digit.
Write it down at the base of the hundreds column.


  41310
 1540
- 1357

  183

Subtract the digits in the thousands column:

1 - 1 = 0.
0 is the thousands digit.
Write it down at the base of the thousands column.


  41310
 1540
- 1357

 0183

Leading zeros

When leading zeros occupy the most significant digits of a natural number, they could be left blank and the numeric value stays the same:

0183 = 183

Final answer:
- 514 - 440 + 556 - 403 + 984 = 183

Subtraction Calculator: Subtract Numbers & Learn to Calculate the Difference

1. Stack the numbers on top of each other. 2. Subtract column by column starting from the column on the right.

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