Subtract the numbers: - 475 + 3,038 + 18,443 - 275 - 108 = ? Calculate the numbers difference and learn how to do the subtraction, column subtracting method, from right to left

The operation to perform:
- 475 + 3,038 + 18,443 - 275 - 108

Add the positive numbers together.

The operation to perform:
3,038 + 18,443

Method used below: column adding, from right to left (traditional).


Stack the numbers on top of each other.

The ones digits line up in the first column from the right.

The tens digits line up in the next column to the left.

And so on...


  3038
+ 18443

?

Add column by column; start from the column on the right.

Add the digits in the ones column:

8 + 3 = 11

How did we add the digits? Explanation below.

Group the ones together in order to make tens:


8 + 3 =


8 + 3 =


8 + 2 + 1 =


8 + 2 + 1 =


10 + 1 =


11


Change the order in which the numbers are added, the sum stays the same.
Break some number(s) into component parts, the sum stays the same.


The sum is a two-digit number: 11.


1 is the ones digit.
Write it down at the base of the ones column.


1 is the tens digit.
Carry it over to the tens column.
Write the digit above that column.
Add it with the rest of the digits in that column.

    1
  3038
+ 18443

     1

Add the digits in the tens column:

3 + 4 + 1 = 8

8 is the tens digit.
Write it down at the base of the tens column.


   1
  3038
+ 18443

    81

Add the digits in the hundreds column:

0 + 4 = 4

4 is the hundreds digit.
Write it down at the base of the hundreds column.


  1
  3038
+ 18443

   481

Add the digits in the thousands column:

3 + 8 = 11

How did we add the digits? Explanation below.

Group the ones together in order to make tens:


3 + 8 =


3 + 8 =


2 + 1 + 8 =


2 + 1 + 8 =


(2 + 8) + 1 =


10 + 1 =


11



The sum is a two-digit number: 11.


1 is the thousands digit.
Write it down at the base of the thousands column.


1 is the ten thousands digit.
Carry it over to the ten thousands column.
Write the digit above that column.
Add it with the rest of the digits in that column.

 11
  3038
+ 18443

  1481

Add the digits in the ten thousands column:

1 + 1 = 2

2 is the ten thousands digit.
Write it down at the base of the ten thousands column.


 11
  3038
+ 18443

 21481

Answer:
3,038 + 18,443 = 21,481

Add the negative numbers together.

The operation to perform:
- 475 - 275 - 108

Add the numbers as if they were positive.

But at the end attach a minus sign in front of the result.

Method used below: column adding, from right to left (traditional).


Stack the numbers on top of each other.

The ones digits line up in the first column from the right.

The tens digits line up in the next column to the left.

And so on...


 475
 275
+ 108

?

Add column by column; start from the column on the right.

Add the digits in the ones column:

5 + 5 + 8 = 18

How did we add the digits? Explanation below.

Group the ones together in order to make tens:


5 + 5 + 8 =


5 + 5 + 8 =


10 + 8 =


18


Change the order in which the numbers are added, the sum stays the same.


The sum is a two-digit number: 18.


8 is the ones digit.
Write it down at the base of the ones column.


1 is the tens digit.
Carry it over to the tens column.
Write the digit above that column.
Add it with the rest of the digits in that column.

  1
 475
 275
+ 108

   8

Add the digits in the tens column:

7 + 7 + 0 + 1 = 15

How did we add the digits? Explanation below.

Group the ones together in order to make tens:


7 + 7 + 0 + 1 =


7 + 7 + 1 =


(7 + 1) + 7 =


8 + 7 =


8 + 7 =


8 + 2 + 5 =


8 + 2 + 5 =


10 + 5 =


15



The sum is a two-digit number: 15.


5 is the tens digit.
Write it down at the base of the tens column.


1 is the hundreds digit.
Carry it over to the hundreds column.
Write the digit above that column.
Add it with the rest of the digits in that column.

 11
 475
 275
+ 108

  58

Add the digits in the hundreds column:

4 + 2 + 1 + 1 = 8

8 is the hundreds digit.
Write it down at the base of the hundreds column.


 11
 475
 275
+ 108

 858

Addition result:

475 + 275 + 108 = 858

Answer:
- 475 - 275 - 108 = - 858

The initial operation has become:

- 475 + 3,038 + 18,443 - 275 - 108 =


21,481 - 858

Now subtract the final numbers above:
21,481 - 858 = ?

Method used below: column subtracting, from right to left (traditional)


Stack the numbers on top of each other.

The ones digits line up in the first column from the right.

The tens digits line up in the next column to the left.

And so on...


 21481
-   858

?

Subtract column by column; start from the column on the right

Subtract the digits in the ones column:

1 - 8 = ?

The second digit is larger than the first.
Borrow from the next column to the left.

The borrowing is a two step process:


Subtract 1 from the top digit in the column of the tens: 8 - 1 = 7.
Cross out the top digit you've borrowed 1 from: 8.
Write the answer above that digit: 7.


When borrowing, 1 ten = 10 ones.
Add 10 to the top digit in the column of the ones: 10 + 1 = 11.


    7 
 214811
-   858

      

After borrowing, the subtraction has become:
11 - 8 = 10 + 1 - 8 = 10 + 1 - 8 = 1 + (10 - 8) = 1 + 2 = 3.
3 is the ones digit.
Write it down at the base of the ones column.


    7 
 214811
-   858

     3

Subtract the digits in the tens column:

8 7 - 5 = 2.
2 is the tens digit.
Write it down at the base of the tens column.


    7 
 214811
-   858

    23

Subtract the digits in the hundreds column:

4 - 8 = ?

The second digit is larger than the first.
Borrow from the next column to the left.

Subtract 1 from the top digit in the column of the thousands: 1 - 1 = 0.
Cross out the top digit you've borrowed 1 from: 1.
Write the answer above that digit: 0.


When borrowing, 1 thousand = 10 hundreds.
Add 10 to the top digit in the column of the hundreds: 10 + 4 = 14.


  0 7 
 2114811
-   858

    23

After borrowing, the subtraction has become:
14 - 8 = 10 + 4 - 8 = 10 + 4 - 8 = 4 + (10 - 8) = 4 + 2 = 6.
6 is the hundreds digit.
Write it down at the base of the hundreds column.


  0 7 
 2114811
-   858

   623

Subtract the digits in the thousands column:

There is a single digit in this column: 1 0.
0 is the thousands digit.
Write it down at the base of the thousands column.


  0 7 
 2114811
-   858

  0623

Subtract the digits in the ten thousands column:

There is a single digit in this column: 2.
2 is the ten thousands digit.
Write it down at the base of the ten thousands column.


  0 7 
 2114811
-   858

 20623

Final answer:
- 475 + 3,038 + 18,443 - 275 - 108 = 20,623

How to subtract the numbers:
478 + 3,039 + 18,450 + 285 - 116 = ?


Subtraction Calculator: Subtract Numbers & Learn to Calculate the Difference

1. Stack the numbers on top of each other. 2. Subtract column by column starting from the column on the right.

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